DESCRIPTION: BETA-GLUCAN + d-PANTHENOL penetrate lipid layer to rehydrate, rebalance microflora + skin pH.
This tonic hydrates via a unique process designed to balance the liquid content of skin cells with the lipids that surround them; and in so doing it provides necessary support for the stratum corneum to be self sufficient.
The stratum corneum contains multiple layers of flattened cells (corneocytes), encased in a thick coating of fat or lipids. Arranged into pairs of sheets (lamellar membranes), these lamellar lipid bi-layers fill spaces between the cells, providing a formidable barrier to the outflow of water from skin (transepidermal water loss).
Most water-based moisturizers/hydrators seep into the lamellar layers of the SC, leaching water from skin cells—potentially why conventional mists or toners can leave skin more dehydrated. Our biomimetic design has produced a one-of-a-kind tonic, composed of humectants with distinctive similarity to the skin’s lamellar structure. Since maintaining lamellar membrane integrity also protects the con- tents of the skin cells, the tonic not only promotes liquid/lipid balances, it also restores and improves overall barrier function.
Unique blend of humectants truly hydrate by maintaining moisture levels within the cellular/lamellar structures.
Imperative to prep top skin layers, allowing optimum permeation of nutrient-rich serums.
AHAs rebalance pH, pre/probiotics rebalance skin microbiome
Camellia Sinensis (Green tea) Leaf Infusion, Beta-glucan, panthenol, leuconostoc/radish root ferment filtrate, Sambucus Nigra (Elderberry) Extract, Glycyrrhiza Glabra (Licorice root) extract, Acetic Acid (Apple Cider Vinegar), sodium hyaluronate, Cucumis Sativus (Cucumber) Fruit Extract, Pre/probiotic complex, Curcuma Longa/Xanthorrhiza (Turmeric) Root Extract, Selenomethionine
Fragrance + Essential Oil free